There were couple of interesting figures released on Wednesday how the demonstrations in Hong Kong have affected Cathay Pacific passenger numbers and hotel occupancy rates.
The number of passengers that Cathay Pacific and Cathay Dragon transported dropped by 11.3% and the hotel occupancy rates nosedived by 29.8%.
Here’s the release from STR about Hong Kong hotels:
STR’s preliminary August 2019 data for hotels in Hong Kong indicates all-time low occupancy levels amid ongoing protests in the region.
Based on daily data from the month, Hong Kong reported the following in year-over-year comparisons:
- Supply: +1.5%
- Demand: -28.8%
- Occupancy: -29.8% to 63.9%
- Average daily rate (ADR): -21.0% to HKD1,086.16
- Revenue per available room (RevPAR): -44.6% to HKD694.15
The absolute occupancy level is the lowest for any month in STR’s Hong Kong historical database. According to Financial Secretary Paul Chan, tourist arrivals to the city fell nearly 40% in August after a roughly 5% decrease in July.
After a prolonged period of overall performance growth, July was the first month that showed the protest impact on hotel performance with the key metrics down across the board: occupancy (-4.2%), ADR (-7.9%) and RevPAR (-11.8%).
In mid-August, STR forecasted a 19.3% RevPAR decrease for Hong Kong for Q3 2019. According to STR analysts, the market experienced 19 consecutive months of RevPAR declines following protests in 2014, and there has not been sufficient time between protest periods for the market to reach pre-2014 levels. Prolonged protests could worsen Q3 performance significantly through final August numbers and softer-than-anticipated September results.
Cathay Pacific August 2019 traffic figures:
Cathay Pacific Group today released combined Cathay Pacific and Cathay Dragon traffic figures for August 2019 that show decreases in the number of passengers carried and the amount of cargo and mail uplifted compared to the same month in 2018.
Cathay Pacific and Cathay Dragon carried a total of 2,906,954 passengers last month – a drop of 11.3% compared to August 2018. Passenger load factor decreased by 7.2 percentage points to 79.9%, while capacity, measured in available seat kilometres (ASKs), rose by 5.1%. In the first eight months of 2019, the number of passengers carried grew by 2.2% and capacity increased by 6.5%, as compared to the same period for 2018.
The two airlines carried 161,394 tonnes of cargo and mail last month, a drop of 14% compared to the same month last year. The cargo and mail load factor fell by 7.5 percentage points to 60.9%. Capacity, measured in available freight tonne kilometres (AFTKs), was down by 0.6% while cargo and mail revenue freight tonne kilometres (RFTKs) dropped by 11.6%. In the first eight months of 2019, the tonnage fell by 7.1% against a 0.8% increase in capacity and a 7.2% decrease in RFTKs, as compared to the same period for 2018.
Cathay Pacific Group Chief Customer and Commercial Officer Ronald Lam said, “August was an incredibly challenging month, both for Cathay Pacific and for Hong Kong. Overall tourist arrivals into the city were nearly half of what they usually are in what is normally a strong summer holiday month, and this has significantly affected the performance of our airlines. Our inbound Hong Kong traffic was down 38% while outbound was down 12% year-on-year, and we don’t anticipate September being any less difficult.
“Demand for premium class travel experienced a more significant drop relative to leisure travel and overall load factor dipped significantly to 80%. Inbound traffic demand to Hong Kong from regional markets, particularly mainland China and North East Asia, was severely hit, though our South Pacific routes were a bright spot. As a result of reduced travel demand, an increased mix of transit passengers and the negative impact caused by the strengthening US dollar, passenger yield was under further pressure.
“Given the current significant decline in forward bookings for the remainder of the year, we will make some short-term tactical measures such as capacity realignments. Specifically, we are reducing our capacity growth such that it will be slightly down year-on-year for the 2019 winter season (from end October 2019 to end March 2020) versus our original growth plan of more than 6% for the period.”
“Having said that, we remain optimistic in the medium term. The strong commitment to our brand and customer experience remains unchanged. Our investments in new aircraft and enhancing the customer experience will continue, giving travellers more reasons to fly with us. Customers can look forward to the imminent launch of new First Class and Business Class cabin products as well as a brand new dining proposition to be rolled out in our Economy cabins. Of course, already in place on all cabins on long-haul flights is a greatly expanded inflight entertainment offering.”
“On the cargo side, our business continued to face headwinds. Tonnage further deteriorated month-on-month across all regions, driven in particular by slow demand over the holiday season in different parts of the world, the effects of tropical storms and disruptions at Hong Kong International Airport. Ongoing geopolitical tensions continued to affect overall market sentiment. Nevertheless, our outlook for September is slightly more positive and we expect to see demand progressively improve, driven by project shipments and the restocking of inventory as we enter the traditionally high-demand season.”
We wrote about last month about hotel prices in Hong Kong that appears to have crashed (read more here) and this STR release confirms our findings.
The mainlanders are avoiding traveling to Hong Kong and flying on Cathay Pacific due to the demonstrations in the city and perceived bias by the airline. Others, who don’t have urgent business matters in the city, are likely delaying their trips or choosing other destinations.
These demonstrations shouldn’t, at least theoretically, affect connecting traffic but surely passengers may feel at unease even transiting. I am probably going back sometime in November, however.